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黄昕---Spatiotemporal Detection and Analysis of Urban Villages in Mega City Regions of China Using High-Resolution Remotely Sense

发布日期:2015-06-01 15:22:41 阅读次数:[12548]次 作者:

核心提示:来源出版物: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING

作者: Huang, X (Huang, Xin); Liu, H (Liu, Hui); Zhang, LP (Zhang, Liangpei)
来源出版物: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING  卷: 53  期: 7  页: 3639-3657  DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2014.2380779  出版年: JUL 2015  
摘要: Due to the rapid urbanization of China, many villages in the urban fringe are enveloped by ever-expanding cities and become so-called urban villages (UVs) with substandard living conditions. Despite physical similarities to informal settlements in other countries (e.g., slums in India), UVs have access to basic public services, and more importantly, villagers own the land legitimately. The resulting socio-economic impact on urban development attracts increasing interest. However, the identification of UVs in previous studies relies on fieldwork, leading to late and incomplete analyses. In this paper, we present three scene-based methods for detecting UVs using high-resolution remotely sensed imagery based on a novel multi-index scene model and two popular scene models, i.e., bag-of-visual-words and supervised latent Dirichlet allocation. In the experiments, our index-based approach produced Kappa values around 0.82 and outperformed conventional models both quantitatively and visually. Moreover, we performed multitemporal classification to evaluate the transferability of training samples across multitemporal images with respect to three methods, and the index-based approach yielded best results again. Finally, using the detection results, we conducted a systematic spatiotemporal analysis of UVs in Shenzhen and Wuhan, two mega cities of China. At the city level, we observe the decline of UVs in urban areas over the recent years. At the block level, we characterize UVs quantitatively from physical and geometrical perspectives and investigate the relationships between UVs and other geographic features. In both levels, the comparison between UVs in Shenzhen and Wuhan is made, and the variations within and across cities are revealed.
地址: [Huang, Xin; Liu, Hui; Zhang, Liangpei] Wuhan Univ, State Key Lab Informat Engn Surveying Mapping & R, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Huang, X (通讯作者),Wuhan Univ, State Key Lab Informat Engn Surveying Mapping & R, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
电子邮件地址: huang_whu@163.com

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