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Atmospheric correction in time-series SAR interferometry for land surface deformation mapping - A case study of Taiyuan, China

发布日期:2016-11-30 09:47:54 阅读次数:[1577]次 作者:

核心提示:来源出版物: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH

作者: Tang, W (Tang, Wei); Liao, MS (Liao, Mingsheng); Yuan, P (Yuan, Peng)
来源出版物: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH  卷: 58  期: 3  页: 310-325  DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.05.003  出版年: AUG 1 2016
摘要: The dominant error source of Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) is atmospheric phase screen (APS), resulting in phase delay of the radar signal propagating through the atmosphere. The APS in the atmosphere can be decomposed into stratified and turbulent components. In this paper, we introduced a method to compensate for stratified component in a radar interferogram using ERA-Interim reanalysis products obtained from European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Our comparative results with radiosonde data demonstrated that atmospheric condition from ERA-Interim could produce reasonable patterns of vertical profiles of atmospheric states. The stratified atmosphere shows seasonal changes which are correlated with time. It cannot be properly estimated by temporal high-pass filtering which assumes that atmospheric effects are random in time in conventional persistent scatterer InSAR (PSI). Thus, the estimated deformation velocity fields are biased. Therefore, we propose the atmosphere-corrected PSI method that the stratified delay are corrected on each interferogram by using ERA-Interim. The atmospheric residuals after correction of stratified delay were interpreted as random variations in space and time which are mitigated by using spatial temporal filtering. We applied the proposed method to ENVISAT ASAR images covering Taiyuan basin, China, to study the ground deformation associated with groundwater withdrawal. Experimental results show that the proposed method significantly mitigate the topography-correlated APS and the estimated ground displacements agree more closely with GPS measurements than the conventional PSI. (C) 2016 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 


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