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Water age prediction and its potential impacts on water quality using a hydrodynamic model for Poyang Lake, China

发布日期:2016-11-30 15:56:57 阅读次数:[1483]次 作者:

核心提示:来源出版物: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH

作者: Qi, HD (Qi, Hengda); Lu, JZ (Lu, Jianzhong); Chen, XL (Chen, Xiaoling); Sauvage, S (Sauvage, Sabine); Sanchez-Perez, JM (Sanchez-Perez, Jose-Miguel)
来源出版物: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH  卷: 23  期: 13  页: 13327-13341  DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-6516-5  出版年: JUL 2016
摘要: The water quality in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, has deteriorated steadily in recent years and local governments have made efforts to manage the potential eutrophication. In order to investigate the transport and retention processes of dissolved substances, the hydrodynamic model, Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) was applied by using the concept of water age. The simulated results showed agreement with the measured water level, discharge, and inundation area. The water age in Poyang Lake was significantly influenced by the variations of hydrological conditions. The annual analysis revealed that the largest averaged water age was observed during the wet year (2010) with 28.4 days at Hukou, the junction of the Yangtze River and Poyang Lake. In the normal season (April), the youngest age with 9.1 days was found. The spatial distribution of water quality derived from the remote sensing images suggested that a higher chlorophyll-a concentration, lower turbidity, and smaller water age in the eastern area of Poyang Lake might threaten the regional aquatic health. The particle tracking simulation reproduced the trajectories of the dissolved substances, indicating that the water mass with greater nutrient loading would further lead to potential environmental problems in the east lake. Moreover, the water transfer ability would be weakened due to dam (Poyang Project) construction resulting in the rising water levels in periods of regulation. Generally, this study quantified an indicative transport timescale, which could help to better understand the complex hydrodynamic processes and manage wetland ecosystems similar to Poyang Lake.


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