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Analyzing Urban Human Mobility Patterns through a Thematic Model at a Finer Scale

发布日期:2016-11-30 16:23:34 阅读次数:[1593]次 作者:

核心提示:来源出版物: ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION

作者: Zhang, FM (Zhang, Faming); Zhu, XY (Zhu, Xinyan); Guo, W (Guo, Wei); Ye, XY (Ye, Xinyue); Hu, T (Hu, Tao); Huang, L (Huang, Liang)
来源出版物: ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION  卷: 5  期: 6  文献号: UNSP 78  DOI: 10.3390/ijgi5060078  出版年: JUN 2016
摘要: Taxi trajectories reflect human mobility over a road network. Pick-up and drop-off locations in different time periods represent origins and destinations of trips, respectively, demonstrating the spatiotemporal characteristics of human behavior. Each trip can be viewed as a displacement in the random walk model, and the distribution of extracted trips shows a distance decay effect. To identify the spatial similarity of trips at a finer scale, this paper investigates the distribution of trips through topic modeling techniques. Firstly, trip origins and trip destinations were identified from raw GPS data. Then, different trips were given semantic information, i.e., link identification numbers with a semantic enrichment process. Each taxi trajectory was composed of a series of trip destinations corresponding to the same taxi. Subsequently, each taxi trajectory was analogous to a document consisting of different words, and all taxi's trajectories could be regarded as document corpora, enabling a semantic analysis of massive trip destinations. Finally, we obtained different trip destination topics reflecting the spatial similarity and regional property of human mobility through LDA topic model training. The effectiveness of this approach was illustrated by a case study using a large dataset of taxi trajectories collected from 2 to 8 June 2014 in Wuhan, China.


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