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A Hybrid Method for Interpolating Missing Data in Heterogeneous Spatio-Temporal Datasets

发布日期:2016-12-01 09:43:32 阅读次数:[1892]次 作者:

核心提示:来源出版物: ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION

作者: Deng, M (Deng, Min); Fan, ZD (Fan, Zide); Liu, QL (Liu, Qiliang); Gong, JY (Gong, Jianya)
来源出版物: ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION  卷: 5  期: 2  文献号: 13  DOI: 10.3390/ijgi5020013  出版年: FEB 2016
摘要: Space-time interpolation is widely used to estimate missing or unobserved values in a dataset integrating both spatial and temporal records. Although space-time interpolation plays a key role in space-time modeling, existing methods were mainly developed for space-time processes that exhibit stationarity in space and time. It is still challenging to model heterogeneity of space-time data in the interpolation model. To overcome this limitation, in this study, a novel space-time interpolation method considering both spatial and temporal heterogeneity is developed for estimating missing data in space-time datasets. The interpolation operation is first implemented in spatial and temporal dimensions. Heterogeneous covariance functions are constructed to obtain the best linear unbiased estimates in spatial and temporal dimensions. Spatial and temporal correlations are then considered to combine the interpolation results in spatial and temporal dimensions to estimate the missing data. The proposed method is tested on annual average temperature and precipitation data in China (1984-2009). Experimental results show that, for these datasets, the proposed method outperforms three state-of-the-art methodse.g., spatio-temporal kriging, spatio-temporal inverse distance weighting, and point estimation model of biased hospitals-based area disease estimation methods. 


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