Aerosol radiative effect in UV, VIS, NIR, and SW spectra under haze and high-humidity urban conditions
发布日期：2017-10-12 15:26:00 阅读次数：次 作者：
核心提示：来源出版物: ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT
作者: Zhang, M (Zhang, Ming); Ma, YY (Ma, Yingying); Gong, W (Gong, Wei); Wang, LC (Wang, Lunche); Xia, XG (Xia, Xiangao); Che, HZ (Che, Huizheng); Hu, B (Hu, Bo); Liu, BM (Liu, Boming)
摘要: Aerosol properties derived from sun-photometric observations at Wuhan during a haze period were analyzed and used as input in a radiative transfer model to calculate the aerosol radiative effect (ARE) in ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), near-infrared (NIR), and shortwave (SW) spectra. The results showed that the aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 440 nm increased from 0.32 under clear-air conditions to 0,85 during common haze and 139 during severe haze. An unusual inverse relationship was found between the Angstrom exponent (AE) and AOD during the haze period at Wuhan. Under high-humidity conditions, the fine-mode median radius of aerosols increased from 0.113 mu m to approximately 0.2-0.5 mu m as a result of hygroscopic growth, which led to increases in the AOD and decreases in the AE simultaneously. These changes were responsible for the inverse relationship between AE and AOD at Wuhan. The surface ARE in the UV (ARE(UV)), VIS (ARE(VIS)), NIR (ARE(NIR)), and SW (ARE(SW)) spectra changed from -4.46, -25.37, -12.15, and -41.99 W/m(2) under clear-air conditions to -9.48, -53.96, -29.81, and -93.25 W/m(2) during common hazy days and -12.89, -80.16, -55.17, and -148.22 W/m(2) during severe hazy days, respectively, and the percentages of ARE(UV), ARE(VIS), and ARE(NIR) in ARE(SW) changed from 11%, 61%, and 28%-9%, 54%, and 37%, respectively. Meanwhile, the ARE efficiencies (REE) in SW varied from -206.5 W/m(2) under clear-air conditions to -152.94 W/m(2) during the common haze period and -131.47 W/m(2) during the severe haze period. The smallest decreasing rate of the REE in NIR was associated with the increase of ARE(NIR). The weakened REE values were related to the strong forward scattering and weak backward scattering of fine aerosol particles with increasing size resulting from hygroscopic growth, while the variation of the single scattering albedo showed less impact. Source region analysis by back trajectories and the concentration weighted trajectory (CWT) method showed that black carbon came from nearby regions with low trajectories, and the surrounding haze areas were major sources of fine-mode particles in the haze in Wuhan. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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